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LTLGRIND

Table of Contents

NAME

ltlgrind - list mutations of a formula.

SYNOPSIS

ltlgrind [OPTION...] [FILENAME[/COL]...]

DESCRIPTION

List formulas that are similar to but simpler than a given formula.

Input options:

-f, --formula=STRING

process the formula STRING

-F, --file=FILENAME[/COL]

process each line of FILENAME as a formula; if COL is a positive integer, assume a CSV file and read column COL; use a negative COL to drop the first line of the CSV file

--lbt-input

read all formulas using LBT’s prefix syntax

--lenient

parenthesized blocks that cannot be parsed as subformulas are considered as atomic properties

Mutation rules (all enabled unless those options are used):

--ap-to-const

atomic propositions are replaced with true/false

--remove-multop-operands

remove one operand from multops

--remove-one-ap

all occurrences of an atomic proposition are replaced with another atomic proposition used in the formula

--remove-ops

replace unary/binary operators with one of their operands

--rewrite-ops

rewrite operators that have a semantically simpler form: a U b becomes a W b, etc.

--simplify-bounds

on a bounded unary operator, decrement one of the bounds, or set min to 0 or max to unbounded

--split-ops

when an operator can be expressed as a conjunction/disjunction using simpler operators, each term of the conjunction/disjunction is a mutation. e.g. a <-> b can be written as ((a & b) | (!a & !b)) or as ((a -> b) & (b -> a)) so those four terms can be a mutation of a <-> b

Output options:

-0, --zero-terminated-output

separate output formulas with \0 instead of \n (for use with xargs -0)

-8, --utf8

output using UTF-8 characters

--format=FORMAT, --stats=FORMAT

specify how each line should be output (default: "%f")

-l, --lbt

output in LBT’s syntax

--latex

output using LaTeX macros

-m, --mutations=NUM

number of mutations to apply to the formulae (default: 1)

-n, --max-count=NUM

maximum number of mutations to output

-o, --output=FORMAT

send output to a file named FORMAT instead of standard output. The first formula sent to a file truncates it unless FORMAT starts with ’>>’.

-p, --full-parentheses

output fully-parenthesized formulas

--sort

sort the result by formula size

-s, --spin

output in Spin’s syntax

--spot

output in Spot’s syntax (default)

--wring

output in Wring’s syntax

The FORMAT string passed to --format may use the following interpreted sequences:

%<

the part of the line before the formula if it comes from a column extracted from a CSV file

%>

the part of the line after the formula if it comes from a column extracted from a CSV file

%%

a single %

%b

the Boolean-length of the formula (i.e., all Boolean subformulas count as 1)

%f

the formula (in the selected syntax)

%F

the name of the input file

%h, %[vw]h

the class of the formula is the Manna-Pnueli hierarchy ([v] replaces abbreviations by class names, [w] for all compatible classes)

%L

the original line number in the input file

%[OP]n

the nesting depth of operator OP. OP should be a single letter denoting the operator to count, or multiple letters to fuse several operators during depth evaluation. Add ’~’ to rewrite the formula in negative normal form before counting.

%s

the length (or size) of the formula

%x, %[LETTERS]X, %[LETTERS]x

number of atomic propositions used in the

formula;

add LETTERS to list atomic propositions

with (n) no quoting, (s) occasional double-quotes

with C-style escape, (d) double-quotes with C-style escape, (c) double-quotes with CSV-style escape, (p) between parentheses, any extra non-alphanumeric character will be used to separate propositions

Miscellaneous options:

--help

print this help

--version

print program version

Mandatory or optional arguments to long options are also mandatory or optional for any corresponding short options.

REPORTING BUGS

Report bugs to <spot@lrde.epita.fr>.

COPYRIGHT

Copyright © 2018 Laboratoire de Recherche et Développement de l’Epita. License GPLv3+: GNU GPL version 3 or later.
This is free software: you are free to change and redistribute it. There is NO WARRANTY, to the extent permitted by law.

SEE ALSO

ltlcross(1)